Combinatorial Evolution

All technologies are combinations of other technologies.

Examples

  • Smartphone = Touchscreen + Wireless + Camera + Geolocation
  • Geolocation = Triangulation + Geostationary Satellite + Atomic Clock
  • Email = Delivery Protocol + Addressing + Word Processing + File Transfer
  • Facebook = ICQ + RSS + Flickr + Meetup
  • Uber = Smartphone + Geolocation + Reputation
  • Waymo = Street View + ML + Lidar + Captcha
  • Mobike = GPS + QR + Micropayment + Bicycle + Bluetooth

Brian W. Arthur – The Nature of Technology

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